In 2010 Mexico was the tenth most visited country in the world with 22.5 million international arrivals per year.
Mexico ranks first in the Americas and sixth worldwide having 32 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Mexico almost two million square kilometres (over 760,000 sq mi) with an estimated population of over 113 million, Situated in North America Mexico is bordered on land by the United States, Guatemala and Belize- North and south respectively, and by sea with the the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean East to West.
Before the arrival of Columbus native cultures matured into advanced civilizations such as the Olmec, the Toltec, the Teotihuacan, the Zapotec, the Maya and the Aztec
In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan. This territory would eventually become Mexico following recognition of the colony’s independence in 1821.
With independence came economic instability and several armed conflicts, including the Mexican-American War that led to the territorial cession to the United States, the Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires and a domestic dictatorship. The latter led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which inspired the 1917 Constitution and the country’s current political system.
In March 1938, through the Mexican oil expropriation private U.S. and Anglo-Dutch oil companies were nationalized to create the state-owned Pemex oil company. Mexico was the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD (since 1994), and considered an upper-middle income country by the World Bank. Mexico currently has membership in prominent institutions such as the UN, the WTO, the G20 and the Uniting for Consensus.
Mexico is now one of the world’s largest economies, which is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States. Mexico is the tenth largest oil producer, and the largest silver producer in the world. Mexico is generally considered a newly industrialized country a regional power and an emerging world power.
According to Goldman Sachs, by 2050 Mexico is expected to become the world’s fifth largest economy. PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) estimated in January 2013 that by 2050 Mexico could be the world’s seventh largest economy.