Uxmal is an ancient Mayan city located 38 miles south of Merida, the capital city of the state of Yucatan, 墨西哥. A UNESCO 世界遗产, it contains one of the most important archeological sites of the Mayans, including the Pyramid of the Magician and the House of the Doves. It is a popular tourist destination with hotels and a museum within walking distance to the site.
Sian Ka’an is a biosphere reserve in the town of 图伦, 金塔纳罗奥, 墨西哥. It became a 联合国教科文组织 世界遗产 in 1987. Part of the reserve is on land and part is in the Caribbean Sea, including a section of coral reef. The reserve offers protection for the endangered species in the Riviera Maya and provides environmental education to the local communities to assist and train the residents working with ecotourism.
San Francisco de Campeche, also known as just “坎佩切” is located in the state of Campeche, 墨西哥, on the Bay of Campeche of the Gulf of 墨西哥. Campeche serves as the Capital of the state of Campeche and has a population of over 200,000 people. The city has earned the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its preservation and the quality of the architecture. The city has retained most of the wall fortifications built to defend it from the pirates of the Carribbean.
In 2010 Mexico was the tenth most visited country in the world with 22.5 million international arrivals per year.
Mexico ranks first in the Americas and sixth worldwide having 32 联合国教科文组织 World Heritage Sites.
Mexico almost two million square kilometres (过度 760,000 sq mi) with an estimated population of over 113 million, Situated in North America Mexico is bordered on land by the United States, Guatemala and Belize- North and south respectively, and by sea with the the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean East to West.
Before the arrival of Columbus native cultures matured into advanced civilizations such as the Olmec, the Toltec, the Teotihuacan, the Zapotec, the Maya and the Aztec
In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan. This territory would eventually become Mexico following recognition of the colony’s independence in 1821.
With independence came economic instability and several armed conflicts, including the Mexican-American War that led to the territorial cession to the United States, the Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires and a domestic dictatorship. The latter led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which inspired the 1917 Constitution and the country’s current political system.
In March 1938, through the Mexican oil expropriation private U.S. and Anglo-Dutch oil companies were nationalized to create the state-owned Pemex oil company. Mexico was the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD (since 1994), and considered an upper-middle income country by the World Bank. Mexico currently has membership in prominent institutions such as the UN, the WTO, the G20 and the Uniting for Consensus.
Mexico is now one of the world’s largest economies, which is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States. Mexico is the tenth largest oil producer, and the largest silver producer in the world. Mexico is generally considered a newly industrialized country a regional power and an emerging world power.
According to Goldman Sachs, <跨度bbox_x =“0”bbox_y =“0”bbox_w =“0”bbox_h =“0”的fsize =“0”fweight =“0”红色=“0”绿色=“0”蓝色=“0”阿尔法=“ 0“>按 2050 Mexico is expected to become the world’s fifth largest economy. PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) estimated in January 2013 that by 2050 Mexico could be the world’s seventh largest economy.
瓦哈卡市, also known as Oaxaca de Juarez, is the largest city and capital of the Mexican 瓦哈卡州. It is located in the foothills of the Sierra Madre Mountains from the base of the Cerro del Fortin to the banks of the Atoyac River. Oaxaca is a tourist town, featuring colonial-era buildings built with the native green stone and archeological sites such as 阿尔班山, named a 世界遗产 in 1987.
Tlacotalpan is located in the eastern coastal region of the 韦拉克鲁斯州, 墨西哥. Tlacotalpan is a World Heritage Site, chosen in 1998 because of the architecture which reflects the fusion of Spanish and Caribbean in its wide streets, houses in many colors, and beautiful old trees in both public and private spaces. The name is from the language Najuatl and it means “place between two rivers.”
Puebla City is located southeast of 墨西哥 City in the state of Puebla, 墨西哥. It is the fourth largest city in Mexico and is an industrial hub and a World Heritage Site because of its history and architectural styles. The most notable attractions are the Zocalo, a tree-filled plaza with many sculptures, surrounded by the City Hall, Casa de los Munecos and the Catherdral. Nearby is El Parian an arts and crafts market. The best known mole is named for this city, Mole Poblano. And every year on the fifth of May Puebla celebrates the defeat of the French in 1862. This holiday is also celebrated in the U.S. but is not widely observed in the rest of Mexico.
塔钦 is located in the municipality of Papantla, northwest of the port city Veracruz, in the state of Veracruz, 墨西哥. 塔钦 was named a World Heritage Site in 1992 because of its architecture and cultural importance. Among its ancient monuments is the famous Pyramid of the Niches, the Arroyo Group, the North and South Ballcourts and the palaces of Tajin Chico. It has been the most important archeological site and tourist attraction in Veracruz, The name 塔钦 refers to thunder or a lightening bolt and the twelve gods of thunderstorm inhabit the ruins.
Isla Espiritu Santo is an island in the Gulf of California protected under 联合国教科文组织 as a bio-sphere. It is located in 南下加利福尼亚州, 墨西哥. It is connected to Isla Partida by a slender isthmus. Both islands are uninhabited. They both are a part of the municipality of 拉巴斯, which is just a short boat ride away.
从Scammon泻湖 is located in the northwestern part of Baja California Sur, 墨西哥. It is a coastal lagoon near the town of Guerrero Negro in the Mulege Municipality that is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The lagoon is the wintering and reproductive site of whales, sea lions and turtles.Tourism is controlled.